The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

There are 27 companies that are dropped from the list this year, including AT&T, IBM, Siemens and Xerox.

有“王牌”才够味 木门企业将上演精彩2016大戏

[ri'vi?in]
First, the companies that gained the most consumer love ...
该数据还显示,在2015年,共计有12亿6000万人次的中国观众进入电影院,这一数字也比前一年提升了大约51%。
I am calling this the Wan Long prize, after the Chinese meat magnate who once uttered the clearest sentence ever spoken by a CEO: “What I do is kill pigs and sell meat.” Mr Wan will surely approve of my winner, a BNSF railway executive who told a conference: “We move stuff from one place to another.”

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 美克家居智能制造项目被认定车间试点示范项目 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

一季度沧州市建筑业总产值60.2亿元 同比增长7.9%

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

狗狗雨伞正流行。可爱又有趣的,也非常实用。
另一个会造成失业的常见的习惯就是过度沉溺于社交媒体。有些公司采取了相应的措施来监控或限制员工使用社交媒体。有些公司甚至完全屏蔽掉这些网站。所以注意了花太多的时间在社交媒体或者与工作无关的网站上可能会让你饭碗不保哦!
银行根本无力赶上这样的薪酬水平。例如,受交易结构性变化和旨在约束冒险行为的新规打击,自2009年以来高盛(Goldman Sachs)的净收入减少了约三分之一。该行试图让薪酬比保持稳定,这意味着发放给典型员工的总薪酬减少。
但是这些烂队中没有一支队伍有摆烂的打算。他们这样打算合适吗?为球队着想,他们应该摆烂吗?

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

It is a struggle for power contained by understandings and institutions.
这一增幅在欧洲专利局专利申请数量最多的十个国家中位列第一。
德马库斯-考辛斯、塞尔吉-伊巴卡和路易斯-威廉姆斯的交易早在截止时间——美国东部时间周四下午3点之前就已经完成了,在余下完成压哨交易的角色球员里,只有像泰-吉布森和PJ-塔克算是相对大牌的球员了。

德豪雷士布局智能家居O2O 线上线下齐发力

Goldman Sachs will pay out big bonuses, be publicly vilified for a month and then go quietly back to printing profits.
位于加州的斯坦福大学商学院(Stanford Graduate School of Business)排名第二,2016年排在第五位,该学院曾在2014年获得亚军。宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院(Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania)排名第三。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 二手商品交易,谁来把关? to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

4.Autonomous Cars
4. Manufacturing won't save the economy.
6. Our last universal common ancestor gets a makeover
Financial advisors and asset allocators who had been hoping to see some benefit this year from tactical strategies were also not spared the punishment of a capricious market. Of the top three tactical strategies in the country (Mainstay Marketfield, Good Harbor U.S. Tactical Core, F-Squared Premium AlphaSector Index), two had nearly imploded with double-digit losses while the third found itself under SEC investigation for misleading the public about its historical returns. The other giant tactical manager, Schwab’s $9 billion Windhaven Diversified Growth product, looks to end 2014 with a return close to zero. So much for tactics.

房地产广告套路多 围个水坑就是湖景房

谁来主持2014年奥斯卡颁奖典礼?
Format: Classes meet every other week from Friday through Sunday in Evanston, IL, or once a month from Thursday afternoon through Sunday noon in Miami, FL
英国《泰晤士高等教育》专刊于上周四公布的一项调查显示,中国内地两所高校入选亚洲大学前三名。
泡沫气球
The largest flawless vivid blue diamond in the world is to go on sale today at Christie's auction house.
They may be in opposite corners of the globe, but Hong Kong, Sydney and Vancouver have one thing in common.
n. 游艇,快艇 vi. 驾快艇
两岸是骨肉同胞,血浓于水,不管岛内形势如何变化,都割断不了两岸的亲情,也改变不了我们维护两岸关系和平发展的决心和诚意。
‘The Mindy Project’ It doesn’t matter that Mindy Kaling’s comedy on Fox is in its third season and still not a hit, because it keeps improving with age. It has grown from a one-comedian showcase into a very funny ensemble effort, thanks in part to the addition of Adam Pally in Season 2 and jokes about Ms. Kaling’s alma mater, Dartmouth.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

以美元计算的话,这一跌幅就更加明显了,上个月出口同比下滑11.2%至1774.8亿美元。这一跌幅不仅超过了去年12月1.4%的跌幅,也超过了下滑1.8%的预期。这是自去年3月下滑15%以来的最大跌幅。
银行家们表示,音乐流媒体服务Spotify计划最早第四季度在纽约证券交易所(NYSE)直接上市其现有的非公开发行股票,而不走正式的IPO程序,而其他大型知名科技公司则被视为更有可能在2018年上市。
“Tangerine” (Sean Baker)
基准原油价格上周跌破每桶40美元大关,至六年最低位,导致投资者对大宗商品相关企业和出口国家(包括巴西、俄罗斯和南非)情绪更加黯淡。
“2017年上半年,我们将看到许多头条新闻报道(新兴市场出口增长)提速,”瑞银(UBS)新兴市场跨资产战略部门主管巴努?巴韦贾(Bhanu Baweja)表示。他认为,今年第一季度新兴市场出口(以美元计)将同比增长8%至13%,“完全摆脱”目前报道的负增长。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

许多管理者提到了一些极其失礼的情况。求职者:

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

上海社会科学院的专家周海旺告诉环球时报:“上海自2014以来就采取了一系列强硬措施,包括改造城中村和规范群租来控制人口增长。”
[r?b]

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

据牛津经济研究院(Oxford Economics)估算,若剔除价格影响,中国10月进口量同比降幅为2.6%。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)